Marie Davidová Cihlářová

* April 22, 1949, Opočno
architect, designer, urban planner

Architect Marie Davidová has been designing for Metroprojekt since the mid-1970s, she has participated in feasibility studies for the new metro line, station designs and landscaping in their surroundings, she is also the author of small-scale architecture designs for vestibules and public spaces. Her work is characterised by elaborate handmade perspectives. As part of her commissions for the CFAU, she has also worked as a freelance designer and artist. She often worked with ceramics, to which she was also close thanks to the background of the David family, who owned a ceramics workshop. Since the 1990s, Marie Davidová has worked in her own architectural office and as a senior designer in the construction company Agroprojekt. She focuses on the design of family houses, interiors and on zoning generals for industrial complexes.

Marie Davidová, née Cihlářová, continued her family's building tradition with her decision to study architecture. Her paternal grandfather ran a building and carpentry company in Nové Město nad Metují, Marie's father worked as an architect, and other family members were also masons, carpenters or builders by profession. Maria Davidová was also inspired by architectural magazines from the First Republic, which were available to her at home when she was young.

After studying at a general secondary school, Marie Davidová enrolled in the architecture course at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Czech Technical University. She graduated in 1973 with her diploma thesis on the Macromolecular Research Institute in Hostivař and in her "pre-diploma" she worked on the urban planning of the whole complex of these research institutes. Her apprenticeship led her to the national company Investis, where she worked with Václav Martinovský on the catalogue of the Trastil construction system. As the architect recalls, she did not feel completely satisfied in her job, where she had to work with a standardised, inflexible construction system. After a few months, she joined the Metroprojekt design institute, where her classmates from the Czech Technical University were also employed. As Metroprojekt supported the further education of its male and female employees, Davidová decided to apply to the School of Architecture at the Academy of Fine Arts at the same time.

Marie Davidová began her studies at the Academy of Fine Arts in the studio of František Cubr, who died suddenly in 1976. The architect therefore consulted the elaborate diploma thesis on the theme of the Leisure Time Centre in Prague's Střížkov district mainly with the studio's assistant, architect Zdenka M. Nováková, and completed it under the supervision of Jiřina Loudová. In the project, which also included areas with saunas and relaxation pools, the architect also developed original ceramic fountains with motifs of snails and shells.

Even during her studies at the Academy, Marie Davidová worked at Metroprojekt. She worked there as an independent designer for over 25 years  from her entry in 1974 (just at the time when the first part of the Prague underground  the C line section  was put into operation) until 1990. It is not without interest that in addition to Marie Davidová, a number of other architects worked at Metroprojekt  for example Eva Břusková, Miroslava Derynková, Zoja Dvořáková-Kuchyňková, Anna Hübschmannová or Alena Martínková.

The young architect Marie Davidová's professional career in the project organisation was linked to important life events that influenced her work schedule. During her first years at Metroprojekt, she studied at the Academy of Fine Arts and therefore worked part-time at first. Later, the architect combined her work duties with caring for her family, which, as she recalls, Metroprojekt was very supportive of. In such cases, however, the work was often brought home and drawing in the evenings was a common practice.

Marie Davidová worked in Centre 2, headed by architect Vladimír Uhlíř. Her first project was the C subway ventilator in Prague's Pankrác district (1975). After that, she worked on public space, in the contemporary terminology of "surface treatments and landscaping" around subway stations. One of these projects was, for example, the surroundings of the Sokolovská station (Florenc, 1982) by Vladimír Uhlíř and Zoja Dvořáková-Kuchyňková.

Marie Davidová's fundamental work for Metroprojekt was the design of the northern vestibule of the Moskevská (Anděl) metro station and the collaboration on the southern vestibule, which was prepared by architect Eva Břusková. In addition to the overall concept of the vestibule, Davidová also worked on the interior design of commercial amenities. Individually or in a team, she worked specifically on the PNS (Postal Newspaper Service) stand, cafeteria and snack bar in Moskevská station. As the architect recalls, these smaller projects were not commissioned directly by Metroprojekt, but either through the Czech Fine Arts Fund or the Architectural Service. Since she could apply for commissions from the ČFVU herself due to her status as an academic architect, and her husband, Josef David, an architect and also an employee of Metroprojekt, could aspire to a commission from the Architectural Service, they got a number of interesting commissions, either separately or together. However, the cooperation of the couple is said to have translated into occasional mutual assistance on projects directly for Metroprojekt. "We developed a common style for such things: if one of us couldn't do it, the other one did it for him in such a way that the result was almost indistinguishable from the other one." (Charvát, 2017, p. 112)

In 1987, Davidová moved within Metroprojekt to the Centre of Complex Services, where Miroslav Suchý worked as the head architect, and began to work on studies of the new metro line D, in which she worked out the connections of metro stations to the surrounding terrain and buildings. For example, she focused on the areas around Vršovice station, Krč station, the surroundings of Mládežnická (Pankrác), Nuselská or Olbrachtova metro stations.

Another group of commissions on which the architect worked were studies of public spaces and pedestrian zones in the central part of Prague. They included mainly pavement designs and new furniture. Marie Davidová thus designed, among others, the spaces of Hradčanské náměstí or Slezská, Londýnská and Anglická streets.

In addition to her architectural projects, she has also been involved in ceramics, design and applied art throughout her career. In the project of a paddling pool for a kindergarten in Štěchovice she created, for example, ceramic exterior sculptures (1981). Davidová had the opportunity to present these and other works in ceramics, alongside her husband's graphic works, in 1981 at an exhibition at the Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry in Prague's Petřiny or during the Salon of Applied Art in 1989. Davidová demonstrated her work in other materials and her talent for craftsmanship in her designs for the puppets for the play Havlíčkův návrat (1988), performed at the theatre in Řeznická Street in Prague, which she realized together with the puppeteer and stage designer Karel Vostárek.

After the revolution, Marie Davidová began working privately, and in the mid-1990s she started working with Agroprojekt, to which she adds: "I needed someone to take care of the contracts and the professors. In the 1990s, it often happened that people didn't pay. As a woman, it was very difficult to enforce [payment]. So it was better for me that Agroprojekt was able to collect from those people." (K. Brůhová's interview with M. Davidová, 12 May 2022) Although Agroprojekt's name refers to a design institute that focused on buildings for agriculture in the pre-1989 period, the range of assignments that the architect accessed through it in the 1990s exceeds these characteristics. These included, for example, zoning generals for manufacturing and warehouse complexes, as well as the reconstruction of the railway station in Týnec nad Sázavou or a grocery or building materials store. Marie Davidová is also involved in the design of family houses, such as Jitka Zamrazilová's house in Prague's Cholupice in 2005.


Rozhovor Kláry Brůhové s Marií Davidovou, v rámci výzkumného projektu "Ženy v architektuře" [Interview of Klára Brůhová with Maria Davidová, within the research project "Women in Architecture"], Praha, 12. 5. 2022.

Archiv Marie Davidové. [Marie Davidová's archive]

Jan Charvát, Metrovize [Metrovisions], Praha: BiggBoss, 2019.

Jan Charvát, NV: Nádech – výdech, Praha: BiggBoss, 2017.

Stanice Moskevská [Moskevská station], Architektura ČSR XLV, 1986, č. 4, s. 160.

Evžen Kyllar, Moskevská a Pražská, Československo-sovětská spolupráce na architektonické úpravě stanic pražského a moskevského metra [Moskovská and Pražská, Czechoslovak-Soviet cooperation on the architectural design of the Prague and Moscow metro stations], Architektura ČSR XLII, 1983, č. 6, s. 256–259.

List of works

Projects and implementations

1973 – competition design of the interior of the rotunda on Mount Říp, a box for the battlefield soil, collective of Jarmila Gutová, with Petr Klement, Hana Beránková, Robin Hanus, Václav Hodan, awarded the highest prize

1975 – Metro C ventilator between Lomnického, Na Pankráci, Sinkuleho, Na Klikovce streets, Prague-Pankrác

1975 – design of the ventilator on Rohanský ostrov, Prague

1975–1976 – study of the swimming pool in Piešt'any, for the Architectural Service (AS)

1976 – study of the swimming complex in Frýdlant nad Ostravicí, for AS

1976 – study of the swimming complex, Beroun, with Josef David, for AS

1977 – diploma project Leisure Centre, Prague-Střížkov

1981 – perspective section of the intersection of the metro stations at Můstek, graphic design for the representative purposes of the Metrostav, with Josef David, for the Český fond výtvarného umění [Czech Fine Arts Fund] (ČFVU)

1978–1981 – design of the exterior and sculptural decoration of the kindergarten, Štěchovice, with ceramist František David and sculptor Hana Purkrábková, for the ČFVU

1982–1985 – master plan of surface and garden design for the Florenc metro station, Prague, responsible designer Vladimír Uhlíř

1983 – study of route D (F), transfers at Smíchovské nádraží station, Anděl metro station including study of stations

1982–1984 – colour design of the facades of the buildings at the Anděl intersection

1984–1985 – interiors of the commercial facilities of Anděl (Moskevská) station, cafeteria, PNS, for ČFVU

1984–1985 – commercial amenities of the northern vestibule of the Moskevska metro station, landscaping, gardening and surrounding facades

1984–1985– interior of the snack-bar "Arbat" U anděla, Plzeňská Street, cooperation on design, for AS

1984–1985– interior of the snack-bar "Arbat" U anděla, Plzeňská Street, with Adámek, detailed design, production drawings and author's supervision during the realization, for AS

1985 – corporate signage for PNS, with ceramist František David, with Josef David, for ČFVU

1987 – artistic design and production documentation of the PNS stand for the passage in the Academy of Sciences, Národní třída 3, Prague, with Josef David, for the ČFVU, not realized

1987– cooperation on a comprehensive study of public transport, responsible designer Preininger

1987– layout and design of resting places in the pedestrian areas of the historical centre of Prague, responsible designer Miroslav Suchý

1987 – design of the subway outlet, Invalidovna, Prague

1986–1988 – verification study of route D, Zálesí-Krč-Olbrachtova-Nuselská station, with Miroslav Suchý

1986–1989 – urban and architectural design of Anglická, Slezská, Londýnská, Náměstí Míru streets, roadways, surfaces, landscaping, responsible designer Miroslav Suchý

1989 – orchard and landscaping of Hradčanské náměstí - functional elements of the pedestrian space, design of pavements, plantings and small architecture, only the pump was realized, responsible designer Miroslav Suchý

1988–1989 – set and puppets for the play Havlíčkův návrat, theatre in Řeznická, Prague, with Karel Vostárek

1990 – study of the extension of the Main Station for high-speed trains, Prague, with Petr Preininger and Jiří Dušek

1990 – study of the placement of commercial stands in the locations of the subway entrances, responsible designer Miroslav Suchý

1991– hotel, Prague-Prosek, with Josef David

1990–1991 – two sales stands at the entrance to the subway at Můstek, Prague, own studio work

1992–1997 – projects and realization of shops, building stores, Prague, Kolín, vegetable shops, Kolín

1997–present – studies of industrial and agricultural buildings for Agroprojekt Benešov and cooperation in further stages of project documentation

1998 – reconstruction of the facade, Kodymova 130, Opočno

2000 – family house farmstead, Domkářská, Prague-Hostivař

2004 – family house in a conservation area, Vysoké Mýto

2005–2015 – family house for Jitka Zamrazilová, Prague-Cholupice

2005–present – family house with upholstery workshop

2008 – competition design for a memorial to American and Canadian prisoners of war at the end of World War II, with Maria Davidová, Václava Davidová, awarded a prize divided among three collectives

2011 – preparation of documents for the declaration of the Old School in Krčín as a cultural monument, with Professor Čestmír Brandejs

2012 – apartment house, Břežany, Agroprojekt, with Antonín Šrem

2010 – railway station, Týnec nad Sázavou, Agroprojekt and Metroprojekt, with Vladimír Cigánek, Vladimír Balata, architects Jan David and Kamila Davidová

2018 – study of the Sokol Hall, Kamenný Přívoz, with Jan David, Kamila Davidová



1981 – Marie Davidová: Ceramics, Josef David: Graphics, Institute of Macromolecular Chemistry, Prague-Petřiny

1989 – Salon '89 of Applied Art

2001 – Metrostav, National Gallery in Prague

2007 – František Cubr and his pupils, National Gallery in Prague



Czech Chamber of Architects

Association of Interior Architects, until 2000

Union of Visual Artists

Municipality of Architects, until 2000


1973, Czech Technical University in Prague, Ing. arch.

1977, Academy of Fine Arts in Prague, Akad. arch.


1973–1974, Investis (architectural designer)

1974–1984, Metroprojekt Prague (architectural designer)

1984–1987, freelance (architectural designer)

1987–1991, Metroprojekt Prague (architectural designer)

1991–1996, own architectural office (leading designer)

1996–2000, Agroprojekt a. s. Praha (leading designer)

2000–, Agroprojekt a. s. Benešov (leading designer)

2010–, own architectural office (leading designer)

Personal ties
Josef David – husband
Marie Davidová – daughter
Václava Davidová – daughter
Jan David – son
Kamila Davidová – daughter-in-law
František David – uncle
Professional ties
Emil Kovařík – educator
František Cubr – educator
Jiřina Loudová – educator
Václav Martinovský – colleague
Jarmila Gutová – head of a design studio
Vladimír Uhlíř – head of a design studio
Miroslav Suchý – head of a design studio

Stanice Moskevská, Architektura ČSR, 1986, roč. 45, č. 4, s. 160.

Kyllar Evžen, Moskevská a Pražská. Československo-sovětská spolupráce na architektonické úpravě stanic pražského a moskevského metra, Architektura ČSR, 1983, roč. 42, č. 6, s. 256–259.

Charvát Jan, Metrovize = Metrovisions, Praha, 2019.

Charvát Jan, NV: Nádech – výdech, Praha, 2017.

Audio files

Interview of Klára Brůhová and Lucie Mlynčeková with Marie Davidová, 2022

Author of the record: NZ, KB